The Pathway to Poland’s AI Strategy
Artificial Intelligence Development Policy in Poland for 2019–2027 and the Collaboration of the Visegrad Group (V4)
Attempting to understand Poland’s current AI strategy was harder than expected, partly due to the Polish government website only being in Polish as well as all the strategic documentation and policy as far as I could tell. I could attempt learning the language, yet it is apparently one of the hardest languages to learn in the world.
Of course there is the (likely) chance that I am wrong in parts, and in that case I stand corrected — if you read this and you are from Poland I would appreciate your help.
1. Why Does Poland Have a National AI Strategy?
The key goal of the artificial intelligence development policy in Poland for the years 2019–2027 is to provide Poland with the most important place in the global economy, which is already present and will be shaped by the technologies and applications of artificial intelligence in the near future.
-Translated from the Polish government page on public consultations related to AI
In addition to this there is an argument for Poland to build a strong internal market for AI solutions. The policy (Artificial Intelligence Development Policy in Poland for 2019–2027) forms part of the planned new Polish productivity strategy.
It is being developed by the inter-ministerial analytical and editorial team of the Ministry of Digitization and the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology, established on the basis of a memorandum concluded on February 26, 2019 by the Minister Digitization, the Minister of Entrepreneurship and Technology, the Minister of Science and Higher Education and the Minister of Investment and Development.
They held public consultations lasted from 22nd of August to 9th of September in 2019. As part of the consultations, they collect suggestions for possible changes to the project or supplemented it with additional data that they thought to be relevant from a social or economic point of view.
It is important to note that the EU clearly stated that they wished member states would make national AI strategies in the declaration Poland signed in October 2017.
2. Poland’s path to the AI Strategy
This is a timeline from the Ministry of Digitalisation in Poland that I found helpful, although it is lacking in regards to short summaries of the different documents:
- 20/09 — 2016 Program for opening public data (Resolution №107/2016 of the Council of Ministers)
- 14/02 — 2017 SRD — Strategy for Responsible Development until 2020 (with a perspective to 2030)
- 07/11 — 2017 Diagnostic analysis — Intensity of data use in the economy and its development.
- 19/01 — 2018 Ministry of Digitization: Industry +. Data-based Economy.
- 10/04 — 2018 The stand of the Visegrad Group (V4) countries on artificial intelligence and maximizing its benefits
- 25/04 — 2018 European Commission: Communication: Artificial Intelligence for Europe
- 09/11 — 2018 Ministry of Digitization: Conference: Artificial Intelligence — Poland 2018
- 09/11 — 2018 Publication: Assumptions of the AI strategy in Poland and the Action Plan of the Ministry of Digitization
- 07/12 — 2018 European Commission: Coordinated plan on artificial intelligence with attachment
- 22–23 / 01 — 2019 MPiT Conference: “Road map for the development of artificial intelligence in Poland”
- February 26 — 2019 Memorandum for the development of artificial intelligence in Poland
- 09/03 — 2019 Establishment of the Future Industry Platform Foundation
- 08/04 — 2019 European Commission: Publication of guidelines on ethics in artificial intelligence
- 08/04 — 2019 European Commission: Communication: Building trust in human-centered artificial intelligence
- European Commission: Building trust in artificial intelligence
- European Commission: Information: Commission is accelerating work on ethics guidelines
- European Commission: Registration of pilot projects
- European Commission: Information on ethics guidelines
- European Commission: Infographic: Artificial Intelligence in the Digital Single Market
- 22/05 — 2019 OECD: recommendations for AI (based on the AIGO group)
- 28/07 — 2019 Recommendations for Policy and Investment developed by HLEG AI experts for the EC
- August 21, 2019 Announcement of public consultations on the draft Artificial Intelligence Development Policy in Poland for 2019–2017 
3. The Visegrad Countries Stand on AI
As you might have spotted in the documents above there is a regional agreement on AI that Poland has committed to in 2018 through a position document.
- 10/04–2018 The stand of the Visegrad Group (V4) countries on artificial intelligence and maximizing its benefits
The Visegrad group is:
- Czech Republic
The 9 priorities of the Visegrad countries related to AI [Google translated] is:
- Inclusion of issues related to artificial intelligence in the area of discussion on digital transformation and making AI one of the EU’s priorities for 2020 and the following years ;
- Launch of a pan-European initiative in the form of the creation of virtual data warehouses. This initiative can ultimately enable the opening of industrial data and, consequently, accelerate the research, development and implementation of artificial intelligence;
- The need to start a debate on the proper financing mechanism for digital technologies ;
- Creation of the so-called regulatory sandboxes at EU level that will support research and development in key sectors such as medicine, law, financial markets, services, the automotive market, agriculture, environmental protection, water management and the food industry;
- Analysis of the use of AI technology in the reform of the decision-making process by the state administration ;
- The need to focus on education and research, creating academic environments that support the development of this technology;
- Establishment of the European Artificial Intelligence Observatory ;
- Ensuring cyber security and trust;
- Investigate the impact of artificial intelligence on the labor market in Europe .
4. Artificial Intelligence Development Policy in Poland for the years 2019–2027
It seems what I have gotten ahold of so far is a consultation document, however it is a document more than a 100 pages long, so something can at least be deduced. Although it must be said everything must be taken with a grain of salt until I can get a Polish friend to read through it properly.
The structure is as follows:
- Initial issues. The first section goes through mission and goals. Then it proceeds to explain AI and the context.
- Diagnosis. This maps out and provides an analysis of the Polish ICT sector and AI sector with a particular focus on labour (work and education). It goes through investment, financing and R&D spending.
- AI ecosystem and strategic factors of building AI potential in Poland. The present a framework for building an ecosystem; the international dimension; ethical dimension; legal dimension; standards; organisation and management; digital innovation hubs; various local actors; knowledge and competence; as well as investment and funding.
The policy for the development of Artificial Intelligence in Poland for the years 2019–2027 is based on the mission, which was established on the basis of ensuring conditions for fair competition and protection of human dignity, and on the basis of care for the sovereignty of the state in the face of the challenges of Artificial Intelligence . The presented strategy is consistent with the mission defined in such a way and its assumptions are balanced, which means that the goals set out within it are achievable in the assumed time horizon.
Their activities are focused on three points:
Organisation and management
Data, Knowledge and competences, Financing and Infrastructure.
Based on this they have a clear list of suggestions [Google translated]:
- construction of a 5G network — infrastructure needed to build services;
- development of digital competences at all levels — standardization of trainings and requirements, principles of organization of trainings and apprenticeships from high school level to postdoctoral studies. Development of lifelong learning, creation of an employee development / retraining program;
- supporting the possibility of creating inter-university networks to create consortia dealing with specific research problems (combining research potentials), including those participating in EU central programs — HORIZON EUROPE, DEP, CEF, etc .;
- promotion of the latest technological solutions among entrepreneurs in order to raise the level of development and establish a dialogue with other EU economies;
- supporting and promoting joint entrepreneurs’ solutions (e.g. joint R&D, exchange of experiences, cluster solutions);
- supporting cooperation between academic centers and business entities, including foreign ones;
- active cooperation in the European field in the field of creating common IT solutions (including small cross-border projects) — eGov;
- supporting projects in the field of e -with drow, including activities aimed at interoperability of existing systems, with particular emphasis on projects aimed at care for the elderly;
- supporting educational and cultural projects, with particular emphasis on the issues of reliability of sources, critical attitude towards them, preventing the spread of violence, etc .;
- supporting projects in the field of cyber security;
- supporting the creation of an API standard for access to industrial data;
- open interoperability standards.
That is what I have found thus far and I am likely to update this article if you comment or I find out anything new on this topic.
This is #500daysofAI and you are reading article 212. I am writing one new article about or related to artificial intelligence every day for 500 days. My current focus for 100 days 200–300 is national and international strategies for artificial intelligence.