The Coded Gaze in Anthropology

Introduction

Get With the Programme — Learn Programming

“There is no need for conflict between science and art, between fact and story.” (Madden, 2010, p.24)

Becoming a Learning Voice on AI

Selling Ethics in a Revolution of Everything

“The eminently political orientation of a supposed apolitical commitment to empirical research must be appreciated for its internal inconsistencies and ultimate ethical poverty.” (Bourgois, 1990)

“The rule is perfect: in all matters of opinion our adversaries are insane.”

-Mark Twain

Human or Non-human AI

“As anthropologists discover new subjects — either in established visual cultural forms or in evolving uses of the visual media — they may well redefine the terrain of anthropology.” (MacDougall, 1999)

“Theory should not be treated as a rule to which we find people to tightly conform, it is a guide to help us understand why humans do and think the things they do. Theory is our tool to master; it should not master us.” (Madden, 2010, p.18)

Big Data Small Stories — The Coded Gaze

“The point I want to make about the ethnographic gaze is that all ethnographers develop one; our vision is inevitably shaped by our theoretical climate, the people and questions that interest us, and our own experiences, predispositions and foibles.” (Madden, 2010, p. 100)

Conclusion

References:

  • Clifford, J., & Marcus, G. E. (Eds.). (1986). Writing culture: The poetics and politics of ethnography. Univ of California Press.
  • Coleman, E. Gabriella. (2010). Ethnographic approaches to digital media. Annual Review of Anthropology, 39:487–505. annualreviews.org
  • Comaroff, J and Comaroff, J. (2001). On Personhood: An Anthropological Perspective from Africa. Social Identities. 7(2):267–283. oria
  • Ess, Charles. (2015). ”New selves, new research ethics?”, Internet Research Ethics, edited by H. Fossheim and H. Ingierd. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, pp 48–76. nordicopenaccess.no
  • Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1937). Witchcraft, oracles and magic among the Azande (Vol. 12). London: Oxford.
  • Flikke, Rune. (2005). Såpe som politisk praksis og religiøs prosess i Sør-Afrika. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, 16 (2):142–152. idunn.no
  • Forbes. (2019, March). Billionaires 2019. Retrieved December 11, 2019, from https://www.forbes.com/billionaires/#208798bb251c.
  • Geertz, C. (2008). Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. In The cultural geography reader (pp. 41–51).Routledge.
  • Giridharadas, A. (2019). Winners take all: The elite charade of changing the world. Vintage.
  • Gupta, Akhil, and James Ferguson. (1997). ”Discipline and practice: ’The field’ as site, method, and location in anthropology”, Anthropological Locations: Boundaries and Grounds of a Field Science, edited by A. Gupta and J. Ferguson. Berkeley: University of California Press. CANVAS
  • Haraway, Donna J. (1988). Situated knowledges: the science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective. Feminist Studies, 14 (3): 575–99. jstor.org
  • Harvey, Penelope. (2005). ”Memorialising the future. The museum of science and industry in Manchester.”, Science, Magic and Religion. The Ritual Process of Museum Magic, edited by M. Bouquet and N. Porto. Pp 29–50.
  • Hastrup, Kirsten. (1995). The ethnographic present: on starting in time. In A Passage to Anthropology. Between Experience and Theory. London: Routledge. CANVAS
  • Jackson, Michael. (1998). ”Digressions”, Minima Ethnographica: Intersubjectivity and the Anthropological Project. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Pp. 88–124.
  • MacDougall, David. (1999). The visual in anthropology. In Rethinking Visual Anthropology, edited by M. Banks and H. Murphy. New Haven: Yale University Press. cscs.res.in
  • Madianou, Mirca and Daniel Miller (2012) Polymedia: Towards a new theory of digital media in interpersonal communication. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 16 (2): 169–187. ORIA
  • Miller, Daniel (2018) Digital Anthropology. In The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Anthropology (eds) F. Stein, S. Lazar, M. Candea, H. Diemberger, J. Robbins, A. Sanchez & R. Stasch. Pp 1–16 anthroencyclopedia.com
  • Marcus, G. E. (1983). Elites, ethnographic issues. Univ of New Mexico Pr.
  • MIT Media Lab. (2017, January 17). Joy Buolamwini wins national contest for her work fighting bias in machine learning.Retrieved December 12, 2019, from http://news.mit.edu/2017/joy-buolamwini-wins-hidden-figures-contest-for-fighting-machine-learning-bias-0117.
  • Povinelli, E. (1995). Do Rocks Listen? The Cultural Politics of Apprehending Aboriginal Australian Labour. American Anthropologist. 97(3):505–518. jstor.org
  • Seaver, Nick (2017) Algorithms as Culture: Some Tactics for the Ethnography of Algorithmic Systems, Big Data & Society 4 (2): 1–12. sagepub.com
  • Tsing, Anna. (2013). ”More-than-human sociality: a call for critical description.”, Anthropology and Nature, edited by K. Hastrup. New York and London: Routledge. Pp 27–43.

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store