Taj Mahal, Agra, India — photo by @jamesr

India’s Artificial Intelligence Strategy and the Climate Crisis

How India Planning to Tackle the Climate Crisis in their AI Strategy?


“As global climate becomes more vulnerable and unpredictable, dependence on unsustainable and resource intensive agriculture will only heighten the risks of food scarcity and agricultural distress […] The Indian agriculture sector is vulnerable to climate change due to being rain dependent. Varying weather patterns such as increase in temperature, changes in precipitation levels, and ground water density, can affect farmers especially in the rainfed areas of the country. AI can be used to predict advisories for sowing, pest control, input control can help in ensuring increased income and providing stability for the agricultural community.”

Research Focus on Climate Change

“The research, focused on IT services and social good, will aim to provide powerful AI insights and recommendations for improved productivity. It also includes software analytics — building, testing, managing and modernisation of applications, solving real-life social issues such as malnutrition, human trafficking and climate change through prediction and recommendation models using AI.”

Solar Power

“India is already playing a leading role in climate leadership, with Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi vowing to go “above and beyond” India’s commitment on Paris Agreement on climate change. Similarly, India has been a pioneer in a sustained push for clean energy revolution by leading the International Solar Alliance, and setting an ambitious target of 100GW of installed solar energy capacity by 2022. With 20GW of installed solar capacity, India is well and truly on its way to achieving this target.”

Government Data Sharing

“Government data sharing: Government of India has large amounts of data lying in silos across ministries. The government can launch a mission of making all these data available for public good after undertaking proper privacy checks. For example — climate data, non-strategic remote sensing data, regional language speech (from All India Radio), soil health data etc.”

India as a Test-Bed for Further Scaling

“Solving for India, given the complexity and multi-dimensional aspects of most of our economic and societal challenges, can easily be extended to the rest of the emerging and developing economies. An integral part of India’s strategy for AI involves tackling common and complex global challenges that can be solved through technology intervention, and India’s scale and opportunity landscape provides the ideal test-bed to ensure sustainable and scalable solutions.”


“Need for sustainable transportation: The recent initiative of the Government of India for announcing development of 100 Smart Cities is aimed at addressing this anomaly and catalyse smart strategies for urban planning which promote sustainable land use design and multimodal integration […] While new initiatives could take time to show realisable impact, the existing issues in urban mobility related to congestion, efficient traffic flow, movement of goods etc. can indeed be solved using AI technology.”


“The education sector needs to be re-aligned in order to effectively harness the potential of AI in a sustainable manner. In primary and secondary schools, there is a need for transition to skill based education in subjects relevant to AI. Often criticised for being overly knowledge intensive, Indian education is in urgent need of transition particularly in subjects relevant to STEM, or computer based education. As jobs based on technology become prominent, so will the need to develop applied skills in a continuously changing environment.”

Sustainable Business Models Aggregating Data

“Today, incumbents continue to enjoy an oligopoly in building sustainable business models in AI for two main reasons: (a) they can successfully buy data in the informal market setting due to availability of resources and reach to negotiate one-time contracts continually, and (b) they have specialised departments to work on different facets of the development value chain.”

Responsible AI Development

Retrieved on the 9th of November 2019



AI Policy, Governance, Ethics and International Partnerships at www.nora.ai. All views are my own. twitter.com/AlexMoltzau

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Alex Moltzau

AI Policy, Governance, Ethics and International Partnerships at www.nora.ai. All views are my own. twitter.com/AlexMoltzau